Business Education Essential Learnings
With links to Social Studies/Economics standards and lessons

Introduction / Acknowledgements / Standards Home Page

Business Education Essential Learnings:

8.1.0 BUSINESS COMPUTATIONS
8.2.0 CAREER AWARENESS AND EXPLORATION
12.3.0 CAREER PREPARATION AND JOB ACQUISITION
8.4.0 COMMUNICATIONS
12.4.0 COMMUNICATIONS
*8.5.0 CONSUMER ECONOMICS
*12.6.0 ECONOMICS
*8.7.0 FINANCE
*12.7.0 FINANCE

8.8.0 KEYBOARDING
8.9.0 TECHNOLOGY EXPLORATION AND APPLICATIONS

12.10.0 TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS
12.11.0 TECHNOLOGY ISSUES AND CONCERNS
12.12.0 TELECOMMUNICATIONS
12.13.0 SYSTEMS AND IMPLEMENTATION
12.14.0 ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES
12.15.0 BUSINESS AND CONSUMER LAW
*8.16.0 ENTREPRENEURSHIP
*12.16.0 ENTREPRENEURSHIP
*12.17.0 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
*12.18.0 MANAGEMENT
*12.19.0 MARKETING

*Includes links to social studies/economics standards and online economics lessons!

Business Education: An Introduction

Mission Statement

The Mission of Business Education in Nebraska is to work cooperatively with the business community to prepare all individuals to live and work as productive citizens in a changing global society by providing essential business experiences, education, and training.

We Believe Education and Training in Business:

Allow individuals to acquire, develop, and apply academic knowledge and skills.
Are integral to every individual's educational experience for personal and professional development.
Provide individuals a foundation to work and live as productive citizens in a changing global economy.
Prepare individuals to meet the challenges of an ever-changing society.
Provide business educators and students valuable partnerships with the business community.
Incorporate these essential components of a quality program:
Citizenship, Social, Democratic Knowledge, Values, and Skills
Lifelong Learning
Work-entry Skills
Motivation/Disposition to Learn
Higher-order Thinking Skills
Creative Thinking and Expression
Problem Solving
Fundamental Literacies—Communication, Computation, and Comprehension
Ethical Behavior

NBEA National Business Education Standards

In 1995, the National Business Education Association published the National Standards for Business Education: What America's Students Should Know and Be Able to Do in Business. This document provides standards for business education programs, defines the parameters of the discipline of business education, and provides a guide for curriculum writers to use in developing superior programs in business education. The standards are designed to develop students' comprehensive knowledge and competence. The NBEA recommends that students should be able to:

Function as economically literate citizens through the development of personal consumer economic skills, a knowledge of social and government responsibility, and an understanding of business operations.
Demonstrate interpersonal, teamwork, and leadership skills necessary to function in multicultural business settings.
Develop career awareness and related skills to enable them to make viable career choices and become employable in a variety of business careers.
Select and apply the tools of technology as they relate to personal and business decision making.
Communicate effectively as writers, listeners, and speakers in social and business settings.
Use accounting procedures to make decisions about planning, organizing, and allocating resources.
Apply the principles of law in personal and business settings.
Prepare to become entrepreneurs by drawing from their general understanding of all aspects of business.
Understand the interrelationships of different functional areas of business and the impact of one component on another.
Develop the ability to participate in business transactions in both the domestic and international arenas.
Develop the ability to market the assets each individual has whether they be in the labor market or in the consumer goods market.
Manage data from all of the functional areas of business needed to make wise management decisions.
Utilize analytical tools needed to understand and make reasoned decisions about economic issues–both personal and societal.

Nebraska L.E.A.R.N.S.

Nebraska L.E.A.R.N.S. outlines the academic content standards approved by the Nebraska State Board of Education in 1998. The focus of the standards is to help young people to become participating and informed citizens. Nebraska L.E.A.R.N.S. can serve as a document to begin a dialogue between schools, teachers, parents, and community as they work together to provide the best education for all life.

The standards state what students should know and be able to do by the end of first grade, fourth grade, eighth grade, and twelfth grade in the areas of mathematics, science, social studies/history, and reading/writing. They are content standards that were written for all students. The standards are not minimum standards of learning for students but are challenging and rigorous.

The standards should be viewed as a work in progress with much work to be done by local communities as they engage in conversations about the importance of education and the kinds of schools they need to reach higher standards. The Nebraska State Board of Education "is committed to the importance of standards and the foundation they represent."

Crosswalking Standards

This Crosswalking Standards section was written by business educators who were originally involved in the development of the Nebraska K-12 Business Education Framework in 1994. Fifteen representatives from secondary, postsecondary, and teacher education worked with educators representing mathematics, science, social studies/history, and reading/writing to correlate Nebraska's Business Education performance standards with the eighth- and twelfth-grade standards for their respective areas. The Crosswalking Standards section will assist teachers across the state as they develop assessment plans for their local school districts.

The numbers preceding the Business Education Essential Learnings will direct the reader to a specific performance standard within the Nebraska K-12 Business Education Framework, i.e., 8.1.0 Business Computations.

The first number indicates the grade level, either grade 8 or 12. The second number represents the order of the performance standard in the Framework while the third number represents the instructional content for that performance standard.

The numbers following the respective codes in the Link to L.E.A.R.N.S. column will direct the reader to a specific standard within the document. For example, R/W 12.1.1 means this is the first standard within the first section of the 12th grade reading/writing standards.

The academic standards can be found in their entirety in the resource section of this chapter. As teachers work with the academic standards, it will be important to look at the standards in their entirety.

In addition, the codes found in the column headed Link to L.E.A.R.N.S. were taken from the newspaper insert entitled Nebraska L.E.A.R.N.S. (Leading Educational Achievement through Rigorous Nebraska Standards). This document outlines standards in the following areas: Mathematics (M), Reading/Writing (R/W), Science (S), and Social Studies/History (SS/H).

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Recognition and appreciation are extended to members of the original framework writing team and the Nebraska Department of Education who developed the Crosswalking Standards section of the Nebraska K-12 Business Education Framework.

Special thanks are extended to the following Nebraska Department of Education consultants for facilitating the project: Jim Woodland, Science; Deb Romanek, Mathematics; Pam Trefz, Reading/Writing; and John LeFeber, Social Studies/History.

Project Directors

Bonnie Sibert, Nebraska Department of Education

Beverly Newton, Nebraska Department of Education

Support Staff

Danielle Lotspeich Nebraska Department of Education

Pat Friesen Lincoln Public Schools

John LeFeber Nebraska Department of Education

Lenny VerMaas Norris High School

Jim Woodland Nebraska Department of Education

Team Members

Joan Anderson Omaha Westside High School

Jean Condon Mid-Plains Community College, North Platte

 Judy Grotrian Peru State College

Shirley Houston University of Nebraska-Kearney

Dennis Krejci Tri County High School

Kim Kromberg Omaha Northwest High School

Bonnie Malcolm Plattsmouth High School

Mona Schoenrock Columbus High School

Kurk Shrader Elmwood-Murdock High School

Bonnie Smith Lincoln Southeast High School

Sue Sydow Lyons-Decatur High School

Cindy Talley Geneva High School

Deb Wolken Daniel Freeman High School


 BUSINESS EDUCATION ESSENTIAL LEARNINGS

LINK TO L.E.A.R.N.S.

8.1.0 BUSINESS COMPUTATIONS

Students will understand basic business computations. They will demonstrate competency by performing calculations when processing personal financial documents and making business transactions.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

8.1.1 Estimating—solve problems by predicting solutions

8.1.2 Making Change—calculate and count change

8.1.3 Percentages—figure prices and interest

8.1.4 Statistics—analyze and interpret statistical data in charts, tables, and graphs

Students will apply relationships between fractions, decimals, and percents in a variety of situations. (M 8.1.2)

Students will add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals and proper, improper, and mixed fractions with uncommon and common denominators both with and without the use of technology. (M 8.2.1)

Students will solve problems involving whole numbers, integers, and rational numbers (fractions, decimals, ratios, proportions, and percents) both with and without the use of technology. Problems will be of varying complexities and can involve real-life data. (M 8.2.3)

Students will apply strategies of estimation to a variety of problems both with and without the use of technology. (M 8.2.5)

Students will collect, analyze, interpret, and display data. (M 8.5.1)

Students will read and interpret tables, charts, and graphs to make comparisons, predictions, and inferences. (M 8.5.2)

Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 8.1.1)

Students will develop an understanding of systems, order, and organization. (S 8.1.1)

8.2.0 CAREER AWARENESS AND EXPLORATION

Students will understand career options and explore concepts for working in a global society. They will demonstrate competency by identifying and describing a variety of industries, occupations, and employment skills.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

8.2.1 Career Interest—assess personal interests related to career opportunities

8.2.2 Career Qualifications—identify qualifications required for various occupations

8.2.3 Career Research—explore a variety of domestic and global occupations

8.2.4 Community Interaction—participate in volunteer experiences with members of the community

8.2.5 Interpersonal Skills—demonstrate social skills that employers expect of workers

8.2.6 Job Acquisition—develop employment documents and interview skills

8.2.7 Job Survey—explore career opportunities through contact with business people

 Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 8.1.1)

Students will locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate information. (R/W 8.1.2)

Students will identify, describe, and apply knowledge of the structure of the English language and standard English conventions for sentence structure, usage, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling. (R/W 8.2.1)

Students will write compositions with a clear focus, logically related ideas, and adequate supporting detail. (R/W 8.2.2)

Students will use self-generated questions, note-taking, summarizing, and outlining to enhance learning. (R/W 8.2.5)

Students will apply listening skills in a variety of settings. (R/W 8.4.1)

Students will develop an understanding of systems, order, and organization. (S 8.1.1)

Students will develop an understanding of science as a human endeavor. (S 8.8.1)

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the rights and responsibilities of citizens in America. (SS/H 8.3.8)

12.3.0 CAREER PREPARATION AND JOB ACQUISITION

Students will understand career preparation and job acquisition skills required for employment, professional growth, and employment transitions in their chosen fields. They will demonstrate competency by matching skills and aptitudes for occupations, exploring career options, and applying job acquisition skills.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

12.3.1 Career Exploration—explore career opportunities and projected trends nationally and internationally; investigate required education, training, and experience; and develop an individual educational plan

12.3.2 Employment Transitions—examine effects of job changes and identify sources for retraining and career transition

12.3.3 Goal Setting—practice setting goals and writing career goals and objectives

12.3.4 Interest and Aptitude Assessments—examine aptitudes related to career options; relate personal characteristics and interests to educational and occupational opportunities

12.3.5 Job Acquisition—complete employment documents and the interview process

12.3.6 Work Ethics—demonstrate positive work habits and strive to achieve personal job satisfaction

12.3.7 Workplace Learning—participate in shadowing, mentoring, internships, paid cooperative education experiences, and/or volunteer experiences in the community to prepare for transition from school to work

 Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 12.1.1)

Students will locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate information. (R/W 12.1.2)

Students will identify, describe, and apply knowledge of the structure of the English language and standard English conventions for sentence structure, usage, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling. (R/W 12.2.1)

Students will write compositions with a clear focus, logically related ideas, and adequate supporting detail. (R/W 12.2.2)

Students will demonstrate improvement in organization, content, word choice, voice, sentence fluency and standard English conventions after revising and editing their compositions. (R/W 12.2.3)

Students will use a variety of forms to write for different audiences and purposes. (R/W 12.2.4)

Students will use self-generated questions, note-taking, summarizing, and outlining to enhance learning. (R/W 12.2.5)

Students will make oral presentations that demonstrate appropriate consideration of audience, purpose, and information to be conveyed. (R/W 12.3.2)

Students will apply listening skills for a variety of purposes. (R/W 12.4.1)

Students will develop an understanding of systems, order, and organization. (S 12.1.1)

Students will discuss the economic goals of growth, stability, full employment, efficiency, equity, and justice, explaining the need for tradeoffs as these goals are pursued. (SS/H 12.4.20)

8.4.0 COMMUNICATIONS

Students will understand principles of effective communication. They will demonstrate competency by selecting and using appropriate forms of communication while working individually and in groups.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

8.4.1 Communications—present a positive image through verbal and nonverbal communication

8.4.2 Listening—demonstrate active listening

8.4.3 Presentations—research, compose, and orally present information for a variety of situations utilizing appropriate technology

8.4.4 Reading—read to interpret directions and acquire knowledge

8.4.5 Telephone Communications—use telephone skills to accomplish personal business

8.4.6 Writing—utilize writing skills in notetaking, composition, and daily activities

Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 8.1.1)

Students will locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate information. (R/W 8.1.2)

Students will identify, describe, and apply knowledge of the structure of the English language and standard English conventions for sentence structure, usage, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling. (R/W 8.2.1)

Students will demonstrate improvement in organization, content, word choice, voice, sentence fluency, and standard English conventions after revising and editing their compositions. (R/W 8.2.3)

Students will use self-generated questions, note-taking, summarizing, and outlining to enhance learning. (R/W 8.2.5)

Students will pose questions and contribute their own information or ideas in class discussions in order to acquire new knowledge. (R/W 8.3.1)

Students will apply listening skills in a variety of settings. (R/W 8.4.1)

Students will develop skills in discussion, debate, and persuasive writing by analyzing historical situations and events. (SS/H 8.1.10)

12.4.0 COMMUNICATIONS

Students will understand principles of effective communication. They will demonstrate competency by selecting and using appropriate forms of communication while working individually and in groups.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

12.4.1 Communications—present a positive image through verbal and nonverbal communication

12.4.2 Correspondence—compose, format, and edit correspondence

12.4.3 International Communications—develop an awareness of the language and varying customs required for international communications

12.4.4 Listening—demonstrate active listening

12.4.5 Pluralistic Communications—demonstrate sensitivity toward and appreciation for a diverse population

12.4.6 Presentations—research, compose, and orally present information for a variety of situations utilizing appropriate technology

12.4.7 Proofreading—edit and correct text for grammatical/spelling errors not identified through spell/grammar checking software programs

12.4.8 Technical Reading—understand the content of technical reading material by following directions or accurately interpreting data

12.4.9 Technical Writing—write instructions for technical procedures

12.4.10 Technology—use appropriate forms of technology for communications

Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 12.1.1)

Students will locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate information. (R/W 12.1.2)

Students will read, identify, analyze, and apply knowledge of the structure, elements, and meaning of nonfiction or informational material and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding. (R/W 12.1.6)

Students will identify, describe, and apply knowledge of the structure of the English language and standard English conventions for sentence structure, usage, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling. (R/W 12.2.1)

Students will write compositions with a clear focus, logically related ideas, and adequate supporting detail. (R/W 12.2.2)

Students will demonstrate improvement in organization, content, word choice, voice, sentence fluency and standard English conventions after revising and editing their compositions. (R/W 12.2.3)

Students will use a variety of forms to write for different audiences and purposes. (R/W 12.2.4)

Students will use self-generated questions, note-taking, summarizing, and outlining to enhance learning. (R/W 12.2.5)

Students will pose questions and contribute their own information or ideas in group discussions in order to acquire new knowledge.(R/W 12.3.1)

Students will make oral presentations that demonstrate appropriate consideration of audience, purpose, and information to be conveyed. (R/W 12.3.2)

Students will apply listening skills for a variety of purposes.(R/W 12.4.1)

Students will analyze how certain cultural characteristics can link or divide regions, such as language, ethnic heritage, religion, political philosophy, shared history, and social and economic systems. (SS/H 12.2.4)

Students will develop discussion, debate, and persuasive writing skills, focusing on enduring issues and demonstrating how divergent viewpoints have been addressed and reconciled. (SS/H 12.3.18)

Students will develop the skills needed for informed participation in public affairs. (SS/H 12.4.15)

8.5.0 CONSUMER ECONOMICS

Students will understand economic concepts that influence personal, business, and government decisions. They will demonstrate competency by practicing the role of a consumer, producer, saver, and investor in the market system.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

8.5.1 Economic Systems—describe how traditional, command, and market economic systems determine what shall be produced, how it is produced, and for whom it is produced

8.5.2 Macroeconomics—explore macroeconomic concepts including gross domestic product, unemployment, trade practices, and exchange rates

8.5.3 Microeconomics—explore microeconomic concepts including prices, competition, income distribution, and supply and demand

8.5.4 Personal Economics—apply economic reasoning to the management of individual resources, including time, money, assets, and knowledge

8.5.5 Productivity—analyze the impact of investments and specialization on individual and business output

Students will read and interpret tables, charts, and graphs to make comparisons, predictions, and inferences. (M 8.5.2)

Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 8.1.1)

Students will develop an understanding of systems, order, and organization. (S 8.1.1)

Students will explain the structure and operation of the United States economy. (SS/H 8.3.5)

Students will describe the government's role in the United States economy. (SS/H 8.3.6)

Students will compare the United States economic system to systems such as China, Japan, Canada, South America, and other Western European nations. (SS/H 8.3.7)

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the rights and responsibilities of citizens in America. (SS/H 8.3.8)

Students will know how to interpret economic and political issues as expressed in maps, tables, diagrams, charts, political cartoons, and economic graphs. (SS/H 8.3.10)

12.6.0 ECONOMICS

Students will understand basic economic principles in order to pursue their interests as consumers and producers in domestic and global economies. They will demonstrate competency by applying economic reasoning to individual, business, and government practices.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

12.6.1 Economic Measures—describe measurement concepts and methods used to explain economic developments and assess economic performance including gross domestic product, aggregate supply and demand, inflation and deflation, and the balance of payments

12.6.2 Economic Systems—compare the achievement of different economic systems relative to economic freedom, efficiency, equity, security, and growth

12.6.3 International Economics—discuss the concepts of comparative advantage, barriers to trade, exchange rates, and balance of payments affecting international growth and stability

12.6.4 Macroeconomics—analyze macroeconomic situations and determine alternative government policies and consequences

12.6.5 Microeconomics—analyze microeconomic situations and determine appropriate actions for the individual consumer and the organization

12.6.6 Public Policy—identify the costs and benefits of government taxing, spending, and regulation

 

Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 12.1.1)

Students will locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate information. (R/W 12.1.2)

Students will use self-generated questions, note-taking, summarizing, and outlining to enhance learning. (R/W 12.2.5)

Students will pose questions and contribute their own information or ideas in group discussions in order to acquire new knowledge. (R/W 12.3.1)

Students will apply listening skills for a variety of purposes. (R/W 12.4.1)

Students will develop an understanding of systems, order, and organization. (S 12.1.1)

Students will develop an understanding of the effects of population change. (S 12.7.2)

Students will develop an understanding of natural resources. (S 12.7.3)

Students will analyze how certain cultural characteristics can link or divide regions, such as language, ethnic heritage, religion, political philosophy, shared history, and social and economic systems. (SS/H 12.2.4)

Students will analyze the patterns and networks of economic interdependence, such as formation of multinational economic unions; international trade; the theory of competitive advantage; job specialization; competition for resources; and access to labor, technology, transportation, and communications. (SS/H 12.2.12)

Students will summarize causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution. (SS/H 12.3.8)

Students will analyze in writing, discussion, and debate current issues confronting local, state, and national governments in terms of perennial challenges to democracies. (SS/H 12.4.7)

Students will explain how United States and Nebraska legislative, executive, and judicial institutions make public policy. (SS/H 12.4.9)

Students will identify and distinguish among the units of local governments in Nebraska, such as counties, cities, towns, and regional authorities by analyzing a local public issue. (SS/H 12.4.10)

Students will compare the United States political and economic systems with those of major democratic and authoritarian nations. (SS/H 12.4.16)

Students will analyze the United States market economy. (SS/H 12.4.17)

Students will analyze the role of government in the United States economy. (SS/H 12.4.18)

Students will diagram the concepts of scarcity, opportunity costs, and the types of economic systems that deal with unlimited wants and limited resources. (SS/H 12.4.19)

Students will discuss the economic goals of growth, stability, full employment, efficiency, equity, and justice, explaining the need for tradeoffs as these goals are pursued. (SS/H 12.4.20)

Students will explain how forces of supply and demand in a market system answer basic economic questions, such as what to produce, how to produce, and for whom to produce. (SS/H 12.4.21)

Students will define the basic economic indicators, such as Gross Domestic Product, employment statistics, and other measures of economic conditions. (SS/H 12.4.22)

Students will discuss the fundamentals of international trade, such as comparative advantage, absolute advantage, and exchange rates. (SS/H 12.4.23)

Students will explain the interrelationship of producers, consumers, and government in the American economic system. (SS/H 12.4.24)

Students will explain the impact of monetary and fiscal policy in achieving local, state, and national economic goals. (SS/H 12.4.25)

8.7.0 FINANCE

Students will understand money management principles as they relate to personal decisions. They will demonstrate competency by applying financial principles in making their financial decisions.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

8.7.1 Budgeting—develop a personal budget, including income, expenses, savings, and taxes

8.7.2 Consumer Credit—describe the use of credit services and the responsibilities associated with maintaining a good credit rating

8.7.3 Financial Services—utilize appropriate banking services

8.7.4 Risk Management—recognize the benefits and costs associated with the different types of insurance

 

 Students will add, subtract, multiply, and divide decimals and proper, improper, and mixed fractions with uncommon and common denominators both with and without the use of technology. (M 8.2.1)

Students will identify the appropriate operation and do the correct calculations to solve word problems. (M 8.2.2)

Students will solve problems involving whole numbers, integers, and rational numbers (fractions, decimals, ratios, proportions, and percents) both with and without the use of technology. Problems will be of varying complexities and can involve real-life data. (M 8.2.3)

Students will develop an understanding of systems, order, and organization. (S 8.1.1)

Students will explain the structure and operation of the United States economy. (SS/H 8.3.5 )

Students will describe the government's role in the United States economy. (SS/H 8.3.6 )

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the rights and responsibilities of citizens in America. (SS/H 8.3.8 )

12.7.0 FINANCE

Students will understand the use of financial principles in making personal and business decisions. They will demonstrate competency by applying and analyzing concepts and principles.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

12.7.1 Banking and Financial Services—identify and utilize financial services and resources necessary to obtain a loan

12.7.2 Credit Management—evaluate the use of credit in a personal or business situation

12.7.3 Employment Opportunities—identify career opportunities available in the field of finance

12.7.4 Governing Agencies—identify agencies that provide support and advice for personal or business decisions

12.7.5 Investments—differentiate between various savings and investment opportunities

12.7.6 Resource Management—evaluate the most effective use of resources including time, money, and energy

12.7.7 Risk Management—analyze the benefits and costs associated with different types of insurance

12.7.8 Savings—explain the benefits of saving for financial goals

12.7.9 Taxes—demonstrate an understanding of personal tax laws including sales, property, and income tax by completing tax forms

 Students will interpret theoretical probability to represent problems, solve problems, and make informal decisions. (M 12.5.3)

Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 12.1.1)

Students will locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate information. (R/W 12.1.2)

Students will use self-generated questions, note-taking, summarizing, and outlining to enhance learning. (R/W 12.2.5)

Students will pose questions and contribute their own information or ideas in group discussions in order to acquire new knowledge. (R/W 12.3.1)

Students will apply listening skills for a variety of purposes. (R/W 12.4.1)

Students will develop an understanding of systems, order, and organization. (S 12.1.1)

Students will develop discussion, debate, and persuasive writing skills, focusing on enduring issues and demonstrating how divergent viewpoints have been addressed and reconciled. (SS/H 12.3.18)

Students will discuss, develop, and implement a plan for making informed personal economic decisions. (SS/H 12.4.27)

8.8.0 KEYBOARDING

Students will understand basic operations necessary to operate a keyboard. They will demonstrate competency by using the touch method to key information in preparing written communications.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

8.8.1 Composition—create and key personal and business documents

8.8.2 Formatting—format letters, reports, and other miscellaneous documents

8.8.3 Operation—demonstrate proper keyboarding techniques by keying alphabetic, numeric, and symbolic information

 

Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 8.1.1)

Students will locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate information. (R/W 8.2.1)

Students will apply listening skills in a variety of settings.

(R/W 8.4.1)

8.9.0 TECHNOLOGY EXPLORATION AND APPLICATIONS

Students will understand the function and operation of computers and related technology in the home, school, and work environment. They will demonstrate competency by utilizing technology as a tool for communicating and learning.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

8.9.1 Applications—utilize a variety of software applications including word processing, spreadsheet, database, communications, multimedia, and desktop publishing

8.9.2 Career Opportunities—explore the use of technology in current and future careers

8.9.3 Hardware Components—identify workstation components and demonstrate appropriate operation of equipment and peripherals

8.9.4 Operations—analyze the ways in which a computer processes information and performs tasks

8.9.5 Social Issues—discuss the technological issues of ethics and etiquette on emerging technologies and the impact on society

8.9.6 Technology Innovations—explore the role of technology in future applications

8.9.7 Telecommunications—use electronic resources to access, retrieve, and transmit information

 Students will apply the order of operations to solve problems both with and without the use of technology. (M 8.2.4)

Students will describe and represent relations, using tables, graphs, and rules. (M 8.6.3)

Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 8.1.1)

Students will locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate information.(R/W 8.2.1)

Students will use a variety of forms to write for different audiences and purposes. (R/W 8.2.4)

Students will pose questions and contribute their own information or ideas in class discussions in order to acquire new knowledge. (R/W 8.3.1)

Students will apply listening skills in a variety of settings.(R/W 8.4.1)

12.10.0 TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS

Students will understand the operation, application, and function of computers and related technology in a constantly changing global society. They will demonstrate competency by creating, accessing, manipulating, and analyzing information.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

12.10.1 Applications—utilize a variety of software applications including word processing, spreadsheet, database, communications, multimedia, authoring, desktop publishing, and presentation software

12.10.2 Decision-Making Skills—solve problems using critical thinking and technological skills to promote productivity

12.10.3 Global Communications—demonstrate skills for communicating in an international, pluralistic business environment

12.10.4 Keyboard Mastery—demonstrate proficiency in the touch method of keyboarding, emphasizing speed, accuracy, and productivity

12.10.5 Technical Skills—use operating platforms, categorize data, operate industry-standard equipment, and utilize information resources

12.10.6 Transitional Skills—practice and use technological knowledge and skills in personal, educational, and employment settings

12.10.7 Troubleshooting—identify and correct basic hardware and software problems

 Students will perform estimations and computations mentally, with paper and pencil, and with technology. (M 12.2.3)

Students will apply and solve problems using patterns, algebraic expressions, functions, and regression analysis. (M 12.6.4)

Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 12.1.1)

Students will locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate information. (R/W 12.1.2)

Students will identify, describe, and apply knowledge of the structure of the English language and standard English conventions for sentence structure, usage, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling. (R/W 12.2.1)

Students will demonstrate improvement in organization, content, word choice, voice, sentence fluency and standard English conventions after revising and editing their compositions. (R/W 12.2.3)

Students will use a variety of forms to write for different audiences and purposes. (R/W 12.2.4)

Students will pose questions and contribute their own information or ideas in group discussions in order to acquire new knowledge. (R/W 12.3.1)

Students will make oral presentations that demonstrate appropriate consideration of audience, purpose, and information to be conveyed. (R/W 12.3.2)

Students will apply listening skills for a variety of purposes. (R/W 12.4.1)

12.11.0 TECHNOLOGY ISSUES AND CONCERNS

Students will understand the benefits, consequences, and implications of living and working in a technological world. They will demonstrate competency by recognizing, practicing, and evaluating professional procedures related to social issues and future trends.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

12.11.1 Employment Opportunities—research and investigate technological knowledge and skills required by employers

12.11.2 Social and Legal Issues—analyze the technological issues and impact on society of access, privacy, confidentiality, ethics, and emerging technologies

12.11.3 Technological Etiquette—demonstrate professional attitude and responsibility in using technology

Students will pose questions and contribute their own information or ideas in group discussions in order to acquire new knowledge. (R/W 12.3.1)

Students will apply listening skills for a variety of purposes. (R/W 12.4.1)

Students will develop an understanding about science and technology. (S 12.6.2)

Students will develop an understanding of the role of science and technology in local, national, and global challenges. (S 12.7.6)

Students will develop discussion, debate, and persuasive writing skills, focusing on enduring issues and demonstrating how divergent viewpoints have been addressed and reconciled. (SS/H 12.3.18)

12.12.0 TELECOMMUNICATIONS

Students will understand the principles and procedures of transmitting information electronically. They will demonstrate competency by generating and communicating information through the use of electronic resources.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

12.12.1 Business Decisions—analyze cost, ease of use, and timelines of telecommunications services

12.12.2 Collaborative Applications—develop an awareness of calendaring, scheduling, and videoconferencing

12.12.3 Communication Applications—use communication services and applications including telephones, bulletin boards, on-line information services, electronic/voice mail, and fax machines

12.12.4 International Communications—develop an awareness of the protocol for international communications including languages, customs, and time zones

12.12.5 Troubleshooting—identify and correct basic hardware and software problems that occur in telecommunications

 

Students will locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate information. (R/W 12.1.2)

Students will identify, describe, and apply knowledge of the structure of the English language and standard English conventions for sentence structure, usage, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling. (R/W 12.2.1)

 

12.13.0 SYSTEMS AND IMPLEMENTATION

Students will understand the factors contributing to a productive workforce in a pluralistic, technologically oriented environment. They will demonstrate competency by creating, developing, and producing information as an individual or a team member.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

12.13.1 Management Skills—prioritize work to fulfill responsibilities, to meet deadlines, and to utilize negotiation skills

12.13.2 Occupational Safety—demonstrate safety practices to maintain a safe and secure technological work environment

12.13.3 Records Management—classify, store, retrieve, archive, and purge paper and computer-based records

12.13.4 Teamwork—demonstrate the ability to work with others in a diverse and global environment

12.13.5 Work Environment—design and organize an ergonomically correct work environment that maximizes productivity while considering human needs, budgetary guidelines, equipment, and supplies

12.13.6 Work Ethic—demonstrate positive work habits and strive to achieve personal job satisfaction

 

 Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 12.1.1)

Students will locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate information. (R/W 12.1.2)

Students will read, identify, analyze, and apply knowledge of the structure, elements, and meaning of nonfiction or informational material and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding. (R/W 12.1.6)

Students will identify, describe, and apply knowledge of the structure of the English language and standard English conventions for sentence structure, usage, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling. (R/W 12.2.1)

Students will demonstrate improvement in organization, content, word choice, voice, sentence fluency and standard English conventions after revising and editing their compositions. (R/W 12.2.3)

Students will use a variety of forms to write for different audiences and purposes. (R/W 12.2.4)

Students will use self-generated questions, note-taking, summarizing, and outlining to enhance learning. (R/W 12.2.5)

Students will develop an understanding of systems, order, and organization. (S 12.1.1)

Students will develop an understanding of technological design. (S 12.6.1)

12.14.0 ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES

Students will understand accounting principles and procedures. They will demonstrate competency by preparing, maintaining, and interpreting accounting records.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

12.14.1 Accounting Cycle—apply the accounting cycle to various forms of business organizations

12.14.2 Analysis—demonstrate the interpretation of financial statements for personal and business decisions

12.14.3 Automated Accounting Systems—use technology to prepare and maintain accounting records

12.14.4 Employment Opportunities—identify career opportunities available in the field of accounting

12.14.5 Financial Computations—use mathematical concepts to compute financial transactions

12.14.6 Internal Control—explain the principles of checks and balances as they relate to various accounting systems

12.14.7 Payroll—apply payroll theory and procedures

12.14.8 Planning and Management—demonstrate accounting procedures and practices related to inventory control, budgetary planning, and financial statement analysis

 

Students will solve theoretical and applied problems using numbers in equivalent forms, radicals, exponents, scientific notation, absolute values, fractions, decimals, and percents, ratios and proportions, order of operations, and properties of real numbers. (M 12.2.1)

Students will justify the reasonableness of solutions. (M 12.2.2)

Students will perform estimations and computations mentally, with paper and pencil, and with technology. (M 12.2.3)

Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 12.1.1)

Students will use self-generated questions, note-taking, summarizing, and outlining to enhance learning. (R/W 12.2.5)

Students will pose questions and contribute their own information or ideas in group discussions in order to acquire new knowledge. (R/W 12.3.1)

Students will apply listening skills for a variety of purposes. (R/W 12.4.1)

Students will develop an understanding of systems, order, and organization. (S 12.1.1)

12.15.0 BUSINESS AND CONSUMER LAW

Students will understand the legal rights and responsibilities relevant to personal and business practices. They will demonstrate competency by analyzing and applying personal and business law.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

12.15.1 Assistance Agencies—identify sources of public and private agencies that assist and protect individuals and businesses

12.15.2 Contracts—describe the basic elements, requirements, and obligations for an enforceable contract

12.15.3 Employment Opportunities—explore career opportunities available in the field of law

12.15.4 Ethics—discuss the ethical responsibilities of individuals and society

12.15.5 Government Regulations—examine the principal areas of government regulation of personal and business activities

12.15.6 International Legal Issues—research how differences in laws among countries complicate business operations

12.15.7 Legal Rights—discuss laws that protect individual and organizational rights

 Students will apply deductive reasoning to arrive at valid conclusions. (M 12.4.7)

Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 12.1.1)

Students will read, identify, analyze, and apply knowledge of the structure, elements, and meaning of nonfiction or informational material and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding. (R/W 12.1.6)

Students will identify, describe, and apply knowledge of the structure of the English language and standard English conventions for sentence structure, usage, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling. (R/W 12.2.1)

Students will use self-generated questions, note-taking, summarizing, and outlining to enhance learning. (R/W 12.2.5)

Students will pose questions and contribute their own information or ideas in group discussions in order to acquire new knowledge.(R/W 12.3.1)

Students will apply listening skills for a variety of purposes. (R/W 12.4.1)

Students will develop an understanding of the role of science and technology in local, national, and global challenges. (S 12.7.6)

Students will develop an understanding of science as a human endeavor. (S 12.8.1)

Students will analyze the events and ideas of the Constitutional Era. (SS/H 12.3.4)

Students will identify and explain the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Constitutions of the United States and Nebraska. (SS/H 12.4.2)

Students will identify examples of fundamental American political principles contained in the Nebraska Constitution, the Declaration of Independence, the United States Constitution, and the Federalist Papers, comparing them to principles of government and law developed by leading European political thinkers. (SS/H 12.4.3)

Students will summarize landmark Supreme Court interpretations of the United States Constitution and its amendments, such as basic freedoms, due process, equal protection of the law, and government powers, analyzing the historical trends and contemporary patterns of United States Supreme Court decisions. (SS/H 12.4.5)

Students will identify and explain the fundamental concepts of democracy, focusing on the equality of all citizens under the law, the fundamental worth and dignity of the individual, majority rule and minority rights, the necessity of compromise, individual freedom, and the rule of law. (SS/H 12.4.6)

Students will analyze in writing, discussion, and debate current issues confronting local, state, and national governments in terms of perennial challenges to democracies. (SS/H 12.4.7)

Students will explain how United States and Nebraska legislative, executive, and judicial institutions make public policy. (SS/H 12.4.9)

Students will identify and distinguish among the units of local governments in Nebraska, such as counties, cities, towns, and regional authorities by analyzing a local public issue. (SS/H 12.4.10)

Students will explain the rights, responsibilities, and benefits of citizenship in the United States and Nebraska. (SS/H 12.4.14)

8.16.0 ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Students will understand entrepreneurship and describe its role in the private enterprise system. They will demonstrate competency by identifying product or service businesses that will meet consumer demands.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

8.16.1 Business Ownership—differentiate among the types of ownership including proprietorships, partnerships, corporations, and franchises

8.16.2 Entrepreneurial Potential—explore entrepreneurship as a career opportunity

8.16.3 Leadership—describe characteristics required for successful business ownership

8.16.4 Profit—discuss the importance of profit for successful business ownership

 Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 8.1.1)

Students will use self-generated questions, note-taking, summarizing, and outlining to enhance learning. (R/W 8.2.5)

Students will pose questions and contribute their own information or ideas in class discussions in order to acquire new knowledge. (R/W 8.3.1)

Students will apply listening skills in a variety of settings. (R/W 8.4.1)

Students will develop an understanding of systems, order, and organization. (S 8.1.1)

Students will explain the structure and operation of the United States economy. (SS/H 8.3.5 )

12.16.0 ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Students will understand how to organize and operate a business. They will demonstrate competency by applying entrepreneurial concepts in domestic and international systems.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

12.16.1 Business Environment—explore external events and forces which affect business

12.16.2 Business Operations—participate in activities by applying functional areas of business (Economics, Marketing, Management, Accounting, Finance, Management Information Systems and Production) as they relate to internal operations of a new or existing business

12.16.3 Business Ownership—differentiate among the types of ownership including proprietorships, partnerships, corporations, cooperatives, franchises, and limited liability companies

12.16.4 Business Plan—develop a business plan for organizing and operating a business

12.16.5 Community and Financial Resources—research and identify public and private sources of assistance

12.16.6 Innovation—generate ideas for new or improved products or services

12.16.7 Leadership—demonstrate leadership skills by working with others

Students will solve theoretical and applied problems using numbers in equivalent forms, radicals, exponents, scientific notation, absolute values, fractions, decimals, and percents, ratios and proportions, order of operations, and properties of real numbers. (M 12.2.1)

Students will justify the reasonableness of solutions. (M 12.2.2)

Students will perform estimations and computations mentally, with paper and pencil, and with technology. (M 12.2.3)

Students will apply deductive reasoning to arrive at valid conclusions. (M 12.4.7)

Students will apply sampling techniques to gather data, organize, display, and interpret data to solve complex problems. (M 12.5.1)

Students will apply and solve problems using patterns, algebraic expressions, functions, and regression analysis. (M 12.6.4)

Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 12.1.1)

Students will locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate information. (R/W 12.1.2)

Students will read, identify, analyze, and apply knowledge of the structure, elements, and meaning of nonfiction or informational material and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding. (R/W 12.1.6))

Students will identify, describe, and apply knowledge of the structure of the English language and standard English conventions for sentence structure, usage, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling. (R/W 12.2.1)

Students will demonstrate improvement in organization, content, word choice, voice, sentence fluency and standard English conventions after revising and editing their compositions. (R/W 12.2.3)

Students will use a variety of forms to write for different audiences and purposes. (R/W 12.2.4)

Students will use self-generated questions, note-taking, summarizing, and outlining to enhance learning. (R/W 12.2.5)

Students will pose questions and contribute their own information or ideas in group discussions in order to acquire new knowledge. (R/W 12.3.1)

Students will make oral presentations that demonstrate appropriate consideration of audience, purpose, and information to be conveyed. (R/W 12.3.2)

Students will apply listening skills for a variety of purposes.(R/W 12.4.1)

Students will develop an understanding of systems, order, and organization. (S 12.1.1)

Students will analyze and explain the effects of the Industrial Revolution. (SS/H 12.1.9)

Students will analyze the patterns and networks of economic interdependence, such as formation of multinational economic unions; international trade; the theory of competitive advantage; job specialization; competition for resources; and access to labor, technology, transportation, and communications. (SS/H 12.2.12)

Students will summarize causes and effects of the Industrial Revolution. (SS/H 12.3.8)

Students will analyze the United States market economy. (SS/H 12.4.17)

Students will evaluate the role of entrepreneurship in a market economy. (SS/H 12.4.26)

12.17.0 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

Students will understand international and domestic business concepts from a multicultural, global perspective. They will demonstrate competency by describing how trade practices and cultural awareness are combined to conduct business in a global society.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

12.17.1 Collaborative Applications—relate international issues to personal experiences, research, or current events

12.17.2 Customs and Beliefs—recognize social, religious, and political similarities and differences

12.17.3 Employment Opportunities—identify foreign and domestic career opportunities available in the field of international business)

12.17.4 Global Networking—identify and utilize resources at the local, state, and national levels to conduct international business

12.17.5 Protocol—demonstrate behavior inherent to conducting international business

12.17.6 Trade Agreements and Regions—examine the impact and importance of current trade agreements and trade regions, such as Pacific Rim and European Common Market

 

Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 12.1.1)

Students will locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate information. (R/W 12.1.2)

Students will use self-generated questions, note-taking, summarizing, and outlining to enhance learning. (R/W 12.2.5)

Students will pose questions and contribute their own information or ideas in group discussions in order to acquire new knowledge. (R/W 12.3.1)

Students will make oral presentations that demonstrate appropriate consideration of audience, purpose, and information to be conveyed. (R/W 12.3.2)

Students will apply listening skills for a variety of purposes. (R/W 12.4.1)

Students will develop an understanding of the role of science and technology in local, national, and global challenges. (S 12.7.6)

Students will develop an understanding of science as a human endeavor. (S 12.8.1)

Students will analyze how certain cultural characteristics can link or divide regions, such as language, ethnic heritage, religion, political philosophy, shared history, and social and economic systems. (SS/H 12.2.4)

Students will compare and contrast the distribution, growth rates, and characteristics of human population, such as settlement patterns and the location of natural and capital resources. (SS/H 12.2.5)

Students will analyze past and present trends in human migration and cultural interaction as they are influenced by social, economic, political, and environmental factors. (SS/H 12.2.6)

Students will analyze the patterns and networks of economic interdependence, such as formation of multinational economic unions; international trade; the theory of competitive advantage; job specialization; competition for resources; and access to labor, technology, transportation, and communications. (SS/H 12.2.12)

Students will distinguish between developed and developing countries, identifying and relating the level of economic development to the quality of life. (SS/H 12.2.13)

Students will analyze the forces of conflict and cooperation. (SS/H 12.2.14)

Students will analyze the role of government in the United States economy. (SS/H 12.4.18)

Students will discuss the fundamentals of international trade, such as comparative advantage, absolute advantage, and exchange rates. (SS/H 12.4.23)

12.18.0 MANAGEMENT

Students will understand the principles of managing a business. They will demonstrate competency by describing and applying management functions, principles, and processes that contribute to the achievement of organizational goals.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

12.18.1 Basic Management Functions—practice the five management functions: planning, organizing, directing, staffing, and controlling

12.18.2 Change Theory—analyze how economic, technological, and social changes affect employer and employee responsibilities

12.18.3 Employment Opportunities—identify career opportunities available in the field of management

12.18.4 Human Resources Development and Management—research methods that an organization can use to manage a pluralistic workforce

12.18.5 Managerial Characteristics—demonstrate management skills including compromise, team building, consensus building, time management, and flexibility

12.18.6 Managerial Ethics—discuss managerial situations presenting ethical dilemmas

12.18.7 Management Information Systems—analyze the impact of management information systems and use technological applications

12.18.8 Management Styles—compare management styles and how they affect productivity

12.18.9 Operations and Compliance—explore operating policies and procedures that address government regulations

 

 Students will apply deductive reasoning to arrive at valid conclusions. (M 12.4.7)

Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 12.1.1)

Students will read, identify, analyze, and apply knowledge of the structure, elements, and meaning of nonfiction or informational material and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding. (R/W 12.1.6)

Students will identify, describe, and apply knowledge of the structure of the English language and standard English conventions for sentence structure, usage, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling. (R/W 12.2.1)

Students will use self-generated questions, note-taking, summarizing, and outlining to enhance learning. (R/W 12.2.5)

Students will pose questions and contribute their own information or ideas in group discussions in order to acquire new knowledge. (R/W 12.3.1)

Students will apply listening skills for a variety of purposes. (R/W 12.4.1)

Students will develop an understanding of systems, order, and organization. (S 12.1.1)

Students will develop an understanding of change over a period of time. (S 12.1.5)

Students will develop an understanding of the nature of scientific knowledge. (S 12.8.2)

Students will analyze the patterns and networks of economic interdependence, such as formation of multinational economic unions; international trade; the theory of competitive advantage; job specialization; competition for resources; and access to labor, technology, transportation, and communications. (SS/H 12.2.12)

Students will explain how United States and Nebraska legislative, executive, and judicial institutions make public policy. (SS/H 12.4.9)

Students will analyze the United States market economy. (SS/H 12.4.17)

12.19.0 MARKETING

Students will develop an understanding and appreciation of the marketing concept and its application in the business world. They will demonstrate competency by applying marketing knowledge to a variety of business situations.

Instructional content leading to mastery of the performance standard should include but is not limited to:

12.19.1 Employment Opportunities—discuss the importance of marketing careers in a free enterprise economy and identify opportunities in the field of marketing

12.19.2 Marketing Information Management—describe the nature and scope of marketing information management, emphasizing the importance of market research

12.19.3 Marketing Mix—apply the basic elements of the marketing mix (product/service planning, place, price, and promotion) to business situations

12.19.4 Profit Motive—describe the importance of physical distribution, inventory control, financial controls and risk management in making money in a business environment

12.19.5 Promotional Strategies—discuss the role and importance of advertising, publicity, sales promotion, and personal selling in a business environment

12.19.6 Purchasing—describe the primary purposes of purchasing and their relationship to the marketing mix and profitability

 

 Students will apply sampling techniques to gather data, organize, display, and interpret data to solve complex problems. (M 12.5.1)

Students will apply and solve problems involving systems of equations, and systems of inequalities and matrices. (M 12.6.3)

Students will identify the basic facts and essential ideas in what they have read or viewed. (R/W 12.1.1)

Students will locate, access, and evaluate resources to identify appropriate information. (R/W 12.1.2)

Students will read, identify, analyze, and apply knowledge of the structure, elements, and meaning of nonfiction or informational material and provide evidence from the text to support their understanding. (R/W 12.1.6)

Students will identify, describe, and apply knowledge of the structure of the English language and standard English conventions for sentence structure, usage, punctuation, capitalization, and spelling. (R/W 12.2.1)

Students will demonstrate improvement in organization, content, word choice, voice, sentence fluency and standard English conventions after revising and editing their compositions. (R/W 12.2.3)

Students will use a variety of forms to write for different audiences and purposes. (R/W 12.2.4)

Students will use self-generated questions, note-taking, summarizing, and outlining to enhance learning. (R/W 12.2.5))

Students will pose questions and contribute their own information or ideas in group discussions in order to acquire new knowledge. (R/W 12.3.1)

Students will make oral presentations that demonstrate appropriate consideration of audience, purpose, and information to be conveyed. (R/W 12.3.2)

Students will apply listening skills for a variety of purposes. (R/W 12.4.1)

Students will develop an understanding of evidence, models, and explanation. (S 12.1.2)

Students will develop an understanding of technological design. (S 12.6.1)

Students will analyze the United States market economy. (SS/H 12.4.17)

Students will analyze the role of government in the United States economy. (SS/H 12.4.18)

Students will explain how forces of supply and demand in a market system answer basic economic questions, such as what to produce, how to produce, and for whom to produce. (SS/H 12.4.21)

Students will explain the interrelationship of producers, consumers, and government in the American economic system. (SS/H 12.4.24)