ECONOMIC PROVISIONS IN THE CONSTITUTION OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
"... the fundamental task of the state is, step by step, to bring
about the socialist industrialization of the country and step by step, to
accomplish the socialist transformation of agriculture, handicrafts and
capitalist industry and commerce. ..."
"... the necessary conditions have been created for planned economic
construction and gradual transition to socialism."
||"...basic forms of ownership of means of production exists in the People's
Republic of China: state ownership...; co-operative ownership, that is a
||"The state sector of the economy is a socialist sector,... It is the
leading force in the national economy and the material basis on which the
state carries out socialist transformation. The state ensures priority for
the development of the state sector of the economy."|
||"... the policy of the state towards rich-peasant economy is to restrict
and gradually eliminate it."|
||"...the policy of the state towards capitalist industry and commerce
is to use, restrict and transform them...gradually replacing capitalist
ownership by the whole people;..."|
||" The state may... buy, requisition or nationalize land and other means
||"The state forbids any person to use his private property to the detriment
of the public interest."|
||"By economic planning, the state directs the growth and transformation
of the national economy..."|
||"Work is a matter of honor for every citizen of the People's Republic
of China who is able to work."|
The State Structure
Section I. The National People's Congress
||"The national People's Congress exercises the following functions and
...(9) to decide on the national economic plans;..."
Section III. The State Council
||"The State Council exercises the following functions and powers:|
...(7) to put into effect the national economic plans...
...(8) to control foreign and domestic trade;..."
Fundamental Rights and Duties of Citizens
||"Citizens of the People's Republic of China have the right to work.
To guarantee enjoyment of this right, the state, by planned development
of the national economy, gradually creates more employment, and better working
conditions and wages."
Council for Economic Education, New York, NY
Civics and Government: Focus on Economics, Unit 1, Lesson 1
Constitution and the Economy: Economics Lesson