Activity 4

ECONOMIC PROVISIONS IN THE CONSTITUTION OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

Name__________________________

PREAMBLE

"... the fundamental task of the state is, step by step, to bring about the socialist industrialization of the country and step by step, to accomplish the socialist transformation of agriculture, handicrafts and capitalist industry and commerce. ..."
and
"... the necessary conditions have been created for planned economic construction and gradual transition to socialism."

CHAPTER ONE
General Principles

Art. 5 "...basic forms of ownership of means of production exists in the People's Republic of China: state ownership...; co-operative ownership, that is a collective ownership..."
Art. 6 "The state sector of the economy is a socialist sector,... It is the leading force in the national economy and the material basis on which the state carries out socialist transformation. The state ensures priority for the development of the state sector of the economy."
Art. 8 "... the policy of the state towards rich-peasant economy is to restrict and gradually eliminate it."
Art.10 "...the policy of the state towards capitalist industry and commerce is to use, restrict and transform them...gradually replacing capitalist ownership by the whole people;..."
Art.13 " The state may... buy, requisition or nationalize land and other means of production..."
Art.14 "The state forbids any person to use his private property to the detriment of the public interest."
Art. 15 "By economic planning, the state directs the growth and transformation of the national economy..."
Art. 16 "Work is a matter of honor for every citizen of the People's Republic of China who is able to work."

CHAPTER TWO
The State Structure

Section I. The National People's Congress
Art. 27 "The national People's Congress exercises the following functions and powers:
...(9) to decide on the national economic plans;..."

Section III. The State Council
Art. 49 "The State Council exercises the following functions and powers:
...(7) to put into effect the national economic plans...
...(8) to control foreign and domestic trade;..."

CHAPTER THREE
Fundamental Rights and Duties of Citizens
Art. 91 "Citizens of the People's Republic of China have the right to work. To guarantee enjoyment of this right, the state, by planned development of the national economy, gradually creates more employment, and better working conditions and wages."

© Council for Economic Education, New York, NY
Civics and Government: Focus on Economics, Unit 1, Lesson 1

Constitution and the Economy: Economics Lesson