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USA National Standards for Concept "Decision-making"

NATIONAL STANDARD 2 - DECISION MAKING: Students will understand that:
Effective decision making requires comparing the additional costs of alternatives with the additional benefits. Many choices involve doing a little more or a little less of something: few choices are "all or nothing" decisions.

Students will be able to use this knowledge to: Make effective decisions as consumers, producers, savers, investors, and citizens.

You can find additional online lessons on US Standard 2 from the Council for Economic Education Website.

Financial Literacy 1 - EARNING INCOME: Income for most people is determined by the market value of their labor, paid as wages and salaries. People can increase their income and job opportunities by choosing to acquire more education, work experience, and job skills. The decision to undertake an activity that increases income or job opportunities is affected by the expected benefits and costs of such an activity. Income also is obtained from other sources such as interest, rents, capital gains, dividends, and profits.

This standard focuses on income earned or received by people. The primary focus at the 4th grade level is to describe different types of jobs as well as different forms of income earned or received. Attention at the 8th grade level turns to the benefits and costs of increasing income through the acquisition of education and skills. Government programs that affect income are introduced. The 12th grade level gives further emphasis to types of income and taxes, highlights benefit-cost decisions related to jobs and careers, and introduces labor markets.